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Victor Brauner

Victor Brauner

(Piatra Neamț, 15 June 1903 – Parigi, 12 March 1966)

He was also a Surrealist and then Dadaist painter, like Constantin Brâncuşi, Eugène Ionesco, Mircea Eliade, Panaït Istrati and Emil Cioran, all belonging to the important community of Romanian artists and intellectuals in Paris. He studied at the School of Fine Arts in Bucharest from 1919 to 1921.
In October 1924 he exhibited his works for the first time in a gallery, in the same year he published with Ilarie Voronca the first and only issue of the magazine 75 H.P. founded by themselves, which contained the manifesto of the "picto-poésie": not only painting, nor merely poetry, the "picto-poetry" contrasts geometric shapes differentiated by the color and the touch of the brush, on which words are written by hand or print, forming, according to the spirit that animates them, be futurist, or dadaist, or constructivist, a vocabulary whose meanings make no sense by themselves but for their "writing" on the canvas and underline the dynamic expression of the image.