Giorgio De Chirico
(Volo, 10 July 1888 – Rome, 20 November 1978)
He attended the Academy of Fine Arts in Athens and in 1906 the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich.
In 1911 he settled in Paris where he remained until the outbreak of the war, then took up residence in Italy, alternating his time with Parisian stays where he met Apollinaire, Max Jacob and Picasso. De Chirico elaborated the "metaphysics" technique in painting.
The birth of metaphysical painting took place in Florence in 1910. The paintings of this period were memorable for the poses and for the attitudes evoked by the clear images. In this period also the archaeological theme appeared, a tribute to the classicity, however, reproposed in a disturbing way: some examples of this work are Ettore e Andromaca (1917) and Roman Villas.
The figure of the mannequin, also present in the work "The disquieting muses", of the contemporary man-automaton (The great metaphysician, 1917), was instead inspired by "the faceless man", the character of a drama by his brother Alberto Savinio, painter and writer.
De Chirico was also an engraver and set designer.