(Livorno, 12 July 1884 – Paris, 24 January 1920)
He was an Italian painter and sculptor, famous for his portraits of women characterized by stylized faces and tapered necks.
Often forced into the house because of very poor health (he often fell ill with pneumonia, which eventually turned into tuberculosis), Modigliani showed a great passion for drawing as a child, filling pages and pages with sketches and portraits amid the amazement of relatives who, however, could not grant him the possibility of enrolling in any course suited to his level. During a violent attack of the disease, he managed to obtain from his mother the promise of being able to work in the studio of Guglielmo Micheli, one of the best pupils of the great Giovanni Fattori and one of the most prominent painters of Livorno. From Micheli he will learn the first pictorial notions and will meet in 1898 Fattori.
Modigliani was thus influenced by the movement of the Macchiaioli, in particular by Fattori himself and by Silvestro Lega.
Affected by tuberculosis, he died at the age of thirty-five.